Basic Information and Country Facts about New Zealand


New Zealand is a group of islands in Oceania, southeast of Australia.

Capital City: Wellington

But the biggest city is Auckland. New Zealandís largest 3 cities are Auckland, Christchurch, and Wellington. Source

Population: 4.5 million people

The population of New Zealand is about the same as the countries Ireland or Palestine and about the same as the cities of Singapore and Barcelona.

Land size: 263,310 sq km

New Zealand is a similar size to the United Kingdom, the Philippines or the US State of Colorado.


Polynesian Maori reached NZ in around AD 800. In 1840 their chieftans entered into an agreement with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they gave away sovereignty to Queen Victoria, while retaining territorial rights.

A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became independent in 1907. New Zealand supported the UK military in both World Wars. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.

Climate: Temperate with sharp regional contrasts


The most-spoken languages are English (91%), Maori (4%) and Samoan (2%).

Ethnic mix

European 57%
Asian 8%
Maori 8%
Pacific islander 5%
Mixed 10%
Other 12%

National anthem: "God Defend New Zealand"

Main 5 exports

Dairy products, meat, wood, fish, machinery

Main 5 imports

Machinery, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles,


Long Haul
Flight Tips

Jet Lag Remedies
How to minimise jet lag on your next long-haul flight

New Zealand Television
How to get great TV and skip the adverts.

Words Describing New Zealand

Funny, Strange and Bizarre images of New Zealand

Christmas in New Zealand
A winter festival in the middle of summer?!?

Vegetable Gardening in New Zealand is so easy!

Top 10 Things to Pack in your Hand Luggage

12 Tips for Driving in New Zealand

Shocked by England after 5 years in New Zealand

New Zealand People described in just 5 words!

Top Tips for Shopping in New Zealand

New Zealand Media
So Bad it's Good

4 weird things you need to buy for your new life in New Zealand

The shocking failure rate of emigrating

Visiting England after five years in New Zealand

Gay New Zealand
Is New Zealand gay friendly?

Consumer Magazine mystery shoppers find disturbing high street practices

Shockingly bad New Zealand statistics
What they don't tell you at the New Zealand Expo

Great New Zealand Statistics Where New Zealand does really well. Some will surprise you.

Strange New Zealand Statistics

Christchurch Earthquake Photos
My house, neighbourhood and the local welfare effort.

Examples of offensively cynical New Zealand advertising

Life in New Zealand - Surprising Wins and Fails, Hits and Misses

Top 5 lessons I learned about emigrating
Thinking of emigrating? Read this first.

Top wine regions of New Zealand
Some of the best vineyards in the world.

New Zealand reduces incredibly high suicide rate

How did New Zealand reduce the incredibly high suicide rate?

New Zealand's wonderful wine
Not just sauvignon blanc

2 Missing Nutrients in the New Zealand Diet

Driving Dangerously
One of the highest road fatality rates in the world.

Banking in New Zealand
Excellent ... but expensive.

Quick questions and answers:

Where is New Zealand?
Population of New Zealand?
Basic Information and Country Facts about New Zealand